Amongst the 60 A.O.C. throughout Bordeaux vineyards, the Médoc is the area that concentrate the highest proportion of prestigious châteaux. When driving along the ‘chateaux route’, the D2, you will pass by some of the world famous names such as Margaux, Saint-Julien, Pauillac and Saint-Estèphe.
This piece of land enclosed between the river and the ocean has been known, for a long time, to make some of the best wines in Bordeaux, with their own strong personality. Napoleon III had a premonition and in 1855, year of the Universal Exhibition of Paris, ordered the creation of the Great Growth Classification (Classement des Grand Crus Classés). The most prestigious wines are classified by 5 categories from 1st to 5th growths.
All along the Medoc are some of the greatest growths: Château Margaux, Château Mouton-Rothschild, Château Latour, Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Pichon-Longueville, Château Giscours and many others. The Médoc is not only home to the greatest number of prestigious Grands Crus, but also to less known properties that are all magnificent in their own way and full of charm and authenticity. The Medoc soils, which were covered by the ocean millions of years ago, are made up of sand and gravels (pebbles). These poor and arid soils are perfect for growing the robust Cabernet Sauvignon vines, that need to suffer If you like powerful and aromatic wines you will find yourself in heaven in the Medoc. As you travel along the chateaux route, towards Saint-Estèphe the wines become more and more powerful.